Cumin is a flowering plant in the family Apiaceae, native from the east Mediterranean to South Asia.Its seeds are used in the cuisines of many different cultures, in both whole and ground form. It also has many uses as a traditional medicinal plant. Each branch has two to three sub-branches. All the branches attain the same height, therefore the plant has a uniform canopy. The stem is coloured grey or dark green.
Cumin seed is used as a spice for its distinctive flavour and aroma. The health benefits of cumin include its ability to aid in Digestion, Improve Immunity and treat piles, insomnia, Respiratory Disorders, Asthma, Bronchitis, Common cold, lactation, anemia, skin disorders, boils and cancer.Cumin is a drought-tolerant, tropical, or subtropical crop. It has a growth season of 100 – 120 days. The optimum growth temperature ranges are between 25 and 30° C. The Mediterranean climate is most suitable for its growth.